Flow cytometry is a lab test used to analyze characteristics of cells or particles.Flow cytometers utilize lasers as light sources to produce both scattered and fluorescent light signals that are read by detectors such as photodiodes or photomultiplier tubes.These signals are converted into electronic signals that are analyzed by a computer and written to a standardized format (.fcs) data file. Ce
Fiber technology is used in more and more laser systems, like fiber lasers, fiber coupled diode lasers, etc. Sometimes, all-fiber setups are robustness. While, a bulk-optical setup is often more convenient during development, testing and maintenance, as one can more easily remove or replace components and access beams e.g., in order to measure their powers or beam profiles.
Composite laser crystals are laser crystals which have been fabricated by combining different parts. The combines parts with and without a laser-active dopant, or with different dopant concentrations, in order to achieve certain advantages in a laser design. More and more innovative composite crystals bring excellent performance on lasers by flexible combination.